We are Land for Wildlifers – so, that means we are interested in helping our wildlife survive in a fragmented world. I kill weeds and plant trees, but I do it for the wildlife.

The humble, much maligned wattle or Acacia species is the Land for Wildlifers’ one true friend. I would like a dollar for every time I have heard “There is nothing in there but wattles”. After one such encounter, I went into the wattle ‘desert’ and counted 28 diffierent species of native plant regenerating in amongst the wattles. Sometimes it is hard to see the forest for the trees (or wattles) in this case!

Wattle Homes
Wattles… the gift that keeps on giving, even when dead. Photo by Phil Moran.
Wattles are tough. Often the only thing that will survive in a Setaria covered paddock is a wattle. They are quick growing, establishing a good cover to reduce grass competition. I believe a good analogy, if somewhat coarse, is that of a scab forming on damaged skin. Wattles appear as Nature’s way of quickly securing the land, and then the process of natural regeneration comes next. When land is cleared, it is open to erosion, loss of moisture, heating of top soil and weed invasion. Thank goodness for quick growing wattles. They even improve the soil by fixing nitrogen.

Many wattle seeds have an oil rich elaisome or aril which is greatly valued by ants. The ants steal the wattle seed and therefore spread the seed around. Wattles are frost tolerant and can also handle dry periods.

The list of wildlife that make wattles home is far too large to list, but includes many bird species, beetles, ants, gliders and possums, moths, butterflies, wasps, bees, micro bats, lizards, spiders etc etc. They are high-rise homes for our wildlife!

And then they die. People generally say wattles are short-lived. Some are, some aren’t. I have Hickory Wattles (Acacia disparrima subsp. disparrima) on my place that are 30 years old and still going strong. I have some dead ones too, as shown in the photograph. But even these dead wattles are gifts that keep on giving… to our wildlife. This dead one shown below has several vines and figs all growing over it. Dead wattles create another treat for wildlife, called ‘structure’, or depth, cover and habitat. As a fellow Land for Wildlifer, we know that Australian bushlands are not neat, they are habitat.

Phil Moran Land for Wildlife member Cooran, Sunshine Coast Manager, Noosa and Districts Landcare

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